Immunohistochemistry Protocol

Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Cell Biology Protocols  >> Immunohistochemistry Protocol

4% paraformaldehyde (STIR IN FUMEHOOD) 
To make 50 mL, 
- use ~40 mL water to dissolve 2g paraformaidehyde 
- add 200uL 0.2N NAOH and heat, while stirring in the fumehood 
- once dissolved, + 10mL of 5x PB buffer 
- freeze in ~10-15mL aliquots in the –20 freezer

5x PB Buffer ( = 250 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.2 after dilution)
To make 500mL, 
Mix 140mL 0.25M  NaH2P0
+ 360mL 0.25M NaH2P0
Dilute to 1x PB for washing cells

20% Triton
- Weigh 2g Triton on a balance by pipeting into a tube, 
- Make up to 10mL with distilled water 
- Rock overnight 

Normal Goat Serum—NGS
- store in aliquots in the freezer

1. Wash 1 x with PB 
2. Fix with 4% paraformaldehyde (10 min., 15-30niin. if cells easily come off) 
3. Wash 3x with PB (5 min. each) 
4. Preincubation: for every 1 mL PB, + 100uL NGS, 10uL 20% Triton (15 min.) 
5. Primary antibody: for every 1mL total volume, add 20uL NGS, 5uL triton (2hrs); dilution of primary varies with each antibody and must be tested empirically or according to manufacturer's directions
6. Wash 3x with PB (10 min. each) 
7. Secondary antibody: choose the correct one (either goat anti-mouse, or goat anti-rabbit) CY3 (1/800 dilution): for every 1mL PB, 1.25uL secondary, 5uL triton, 25uL NGS (30 minutes-don't go too much longer, or else high background) 
8. Wash 3x with PB (15 min. each) 
9. Take out the mowial to thaw; take out cover slip, drain it a bit with Kleenex, +20uL mowial on the cells and cover the cover slip with it 
10. Invert the cover slip on the slide 
11. Place a small amount (a small drop or so) of clear nail polish on the four corners of the cover slip. When the nail polish dries, put nail polish all around the slides of the cover slip. 
12. You may view it or put it in the dark in the fridge. The slides may be stored in the dark in the fridge.

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